Is It Cold or Flu?

You are experiencing some symptoms. Are these symptoms cold or flu?

Symptom Cold Flu
Fever Rare Always (usually high)
Headache Rare Significant
General Body Ache Slight Often severe
Tiredness and fatigue Medium Continuing for 2-3 weeks
Listlessness Very rare Significant
Nasal congestion/drainage Usually Occasionally
Chest pain/cough Mild to medium Usually intense

Source: National Institute of Allergy and ınfectious Diseases, FDA.

If You Have the Flu...

- If you believe you are sick, avoid public places and limit contact with family members as much as possible so as not to transmit the virus to others.
- Fluid intake is important. Consume food with high water content such as soup, fresh squeezed juice, buttermilk, kefir, oranges and tangerines.
- You can gargle with salt water to soothe a sore throat.
- Resting at home will not only be good for you, it will prevent the virus from spreading to others.
- Even if you have no appetite, eating little and often may help you to get the adequate nutrients that your body needs.
- Keep a clean handkerchief or tissue with you for when you sneeze or cough.
- If you sneeze or cough and don’t have a clean tissue, instead of your hands use the crook of your arm.
- Definitely consult your physician before using any medication.

Recommendations to Avoid the Flu

- Winter fruits and vegetables are excellent in protection from flu or cold. Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.
- Make getting adequate, balanced nutrition a lifestyle.
- Regular exercise supports a healthier immune system. Try to walk at least several times a week at the least.
- Staying at your ideal weight greatly reduces the risk of non-infectious disease in addition to the flu.
- Don’t smoke.
- Make sure your blood pressure is normal.
- Keep your hands clean and hygienic, and wash them more often in cases of epidemics.
- Adequate sleep helps support your immune system. Make sure you get enough sleep.
- You can avoid viruses by keeping your hands away from your eyes, nose and mouth, especially during epidemics.
- If you want the influenza vaccine, consult your physician.

Click infographics for the details about flu and cold. References:
- 10 Flu Myths. Harvard Health publications, Harvard Medical School.
- Mevsimsel Grip Hastalığı, The Ministry of Health of Turkey, Public Health Institution.
- A 10-Minute Consult: Cold and Flu. A Harvard Medical School Guide: Cold and Flu.
- Influenza (Seasonal). World Health Organization, Fact Sheet No: 211, March 2014.
- Kış Aylarında Beslenme Önerileri, The Ministry of Health of Turkey.


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